In addition to foliage and leather, fur is among the oldest materials used as clothing. Cro-Magnon-era folks, who lived 50,000 years ago, migrated to colder climates in search of food. Fur provided protection from the elements. Our early ancestors learned how to keep animal skins from rotting by salting them and were therefore able to create fur head coverings and one-piece shawl-like garments. From the fourteenth to seventeenth centuries, certain furs such as marten, fox, grey squirrel, and ermine were reserved for and worn only by royalty as part of "sumptuary legislation," which placed public consumption restrictions on certain items and practices. These furs became symbols of power, wealth, and status. However, fur has not always had a stellar reputation: it was believed that flea-infested furs were responsible for spreading the Black Death across Europe in the fourteenth century, killing more than one-third of the population. By the sixteenth century, however, fur was once again in high demand and even lead to the exploration of North America, where beaver, fox, and raccoon were plentiful.
   The fur industry is composed of three areas: (1) trappers and breeders who produce the pelts, (2) fur processors (dressers and dyers) who tan the skin side of the hide, making it soft, and then clean, color, and preserve the natural luster of the fur, and (3) the manufacturer of fur products. Traditionally, the most expensive and desirable furs have been mink and sable, worn mostly by wealthy middle-aged women. Today, however, many different and less-expensive furs such as rabbit, beaver, muskrat, and raccoon are worn by men and women of all ages. International law prohibits trade of endangered species in the United States. The Fur Products and Labeling Act of 1952 requires labeling of the name and origin of the fur pelt, the type of processing and dyeing, whether tail or paws have been used, and whether any parts are reused fur. Animal-rights activist groups, such as People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA) and Friends of Animals in the United States and LYNX in England, raise awareness of the mistreatment of ranch-bred animals killed for their pelts. Anti-fur desig ner Stella McCartney and singer Chrissy Hines campaigned against the wearing of fur while other designers shunned the controversy and fearlessly featured fur on the catwalk, often to visible protest. While the goal of anti-fur activists has been to make wearing fur unfashionable, fur trade organizations—like the Fur Information Council of America and the Fur Institute of Canada—work hard to promote fur as fashion and to support animal welfare organizations.

Historical Dictionary of the Fashion Industry. .

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  • Fur — is a body hair of any non human mammal, also known as the pelage . It may consist of short ground hair, long guard hair, and, in some cases, medium awn hair. Mammals with reduced amounts of fur are often called naked , as in The Naked Ape , naked …   Wikipedia

  • Fur — Fur, a. Of or pertaining to furs; bearing or made of fur; as, a fur cap; the fur trade. [1913 Webster] {Fur seal} (Zo[ o]l.) one of several species of seals of the genera {Callorhinus} and {Arclocephalus}, inhabiting the North Pacific and the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Fur — (f[^u]r), n. [OE. furre, OF. forre, fuerre, sheath, case, of German origin; cf. OHG. fuotar lining, case, G. futter; akin to Icel. f[=o][eth]r lining, Goth. f[=o]dr, scabbard; cf. Skr. p[=a]tra vessel, dish. The German and Icel. words also have… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Fur — Fur, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Furred}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Furring}.] 1. To line, face, or cover with fur; as, furred robes. You fur your gloves with reason. Shak. [1913 Webster] 2. To cover with morbid matter, as the tongue. [1913 Webster] 3. (Arch.)… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Fur — Das Wort Fur bezeichnet eine Sprache in Afrika, siehe Fur (Sprache), eine afrikanische Volksgruppe, siehe Fur (Volk), eine dänische Insel, siehe Fur (Insel), ein Sultanat, siehe Fur Sultanat, einen Film von Steven Shainberg aus dem Jahr 2006,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Fur TV — Filmdaten Deutscher Titel Fur TV Produktionsland GB …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • FUR — s. m. Il n est usité que dans la locution Au fur et à mesure, ou À fur et mesure, qui s emploie en termes de Pratique et d Administration, comme conjonction, comme préposition et comme adverbe, et qui signifie, À mesure que, à mesure de, à mesure …   Dictionnaire de l'Academie Francaise, 7eme edition (1835)

  • fur — I. verb (furred; furring) Etymology: Middle English furren, from Anglo French furrer to stuff, fill, line, from fuerre sheath, of Germanic origin; akin to Old High German fuotar sheath; akin to Greek pōma lid, cover, Sanskrit pāti he protects… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • FUR — n. m. Vieux mot qui signifiait Taux et qui est resté dans la locution adverbiale Au fur et à mesure, à proportion. Nous vous paierons au fur et à mesure; et dans la locution conjonctive Au fur et à mesure que. Nous vous ferons passer les… …   Dictionnaire de l'Academie Francaise, 8eme edition (1935)

  • Fur TV — Infobox Television show name = Fur TV genre = Comedy runtime = 22 minutes creator = Chris Waitt Henry Trotter developer = voices = Henry Trotter Phil Nichol Simon Greenall starring = Mak Wilson Don Austen John Eccleston country = United Kingdom… …   Wikipedia

  • Fur (disambiguation) — Fur refers to the body hair of non human mammals.Fur may also refer to: Animal fur*Fur clothing *Fake fur, synthetic fur *Fur bearing trout, fictitious North American fish supposed to have grown fur due to the cold *Fur farming *Fur fetishism… …   Wikipedia

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